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夏安瑾: do 结构

ask sb. to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事
tell sb to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事
help sb ( to) do sth. 协助做某事
want sb to do sth. 想要做某事
wish sb to do sth. 希望做某事
invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事
drive sb. to do sth. 驱使某人做某事
expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事
forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事
force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
hope to do sth. 希望做某事
offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事
plan to do sth. 方案做某事
prepare to do sth. 预备做某事
pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事
promise to do sth. 容许做某事
refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事
fail to do sth. 未能做某事
happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
need sb to do sth. 需要某人做某事
advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

2. -ing 结构

consider doing sth. 思索做某事
enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
finish doing sth. 完成做某事
give up doing sth. 保持做某事
imagine doing sth. 想象做某事
mind doing sth. 介意做某事
practice doing sth. 练习做某事
prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事
put off doing sth. 推延做某事
risk doing sth. 冒险做某事
forbid doing sth. 制止做某事
forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事

3. 既 +to 又 +ing 结构

remember to do sth. 记住去做某事(未做 )
remember doing sth. 记得做过某事(已做)

forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事 (未做)
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 (已做)

regret to do sth. 遗憾地(要)做某事(未做)
regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事(已做)

try to do sth. 尽力做某事
try doing sth. 试图做谋事

stop to do sth.停下现在的事去做另一件事情
stop doing sth表示停止现在在做的事情

mean to do sth. 计划做某事
mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

can’t help to do sth. 不能协助做某
can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

go on to do sth. 接着做另一件事
go on doing sth. 继续做原来做的事

4. do /doing结构

let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事
make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
see sb doing 看人某人正在做
hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事
hear sb doing 听见某人正在做
listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事
listen sb doing sth 听着某人正在做
look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事
feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事

5. 双宾语

give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物
tell sb sth = tell sth to sb 告诉某人某事
borrow sth from sb 向某人借某物
lend sth to sb 借某物给某人
buy sth for sb =buy sb sth 给某人买某物
show sb sth=show sth to sb 向某人展示某物

6. be 动词结构

be at home = stay at home 在家
be in trouble 有麻烦
be careful of 小心……
be late for 因……迟到
be free 空闲的,有空
be busy doing/with sth 忙于……
be covered with 被……复盖
be ready for 为……作好准备
be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶
be interested in 对……感到举
be excited about 激动于
be angry with 愤怒于
be mad at 疯狂于
be friendly to 友好地去
be pleased with 很高兴做
be satisfied with 对……很满意
be famous for 因……而著名
be famous as 作为……而著名
be strict with 对……严格
be strict in 在……方面严格
be afraid of 害怕……
be afraid to do 害怕去做……
be glad to do 很高兴去做……
be good for 对……有好处
be bad for 对……有害处
be good at = do well in 擅长
be able to do 能去做……

7. 固定搭配

have a lesson /a meeting 上课/开会
have a try 试一试
have a good time 玩得很高兴
have fun 玩得高兴
have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭
have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭
have a fever 发烧
have a cold 感冒
have a look (at) 看一看……
have a rest 休息一会儿
have a talk 谈话
have a walk =take a walk 散步
make friends (with) 与……交朋友
make a living 谋生
make a mistake 犯错误
make a sentence 造句
be made from/of 由……制成
be made in 在……地方制造
look after =take care of 照管,照看,
look for 寻找
look like 看上去像
look out 当心,小心
look around 朝四周看
look at 看着……
put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子)
put up 张帖
set up 竖起,建起
set off 出发,动身
set out 出发
send for 派人去请
take one's advice 听从某人劝告
take out 拿出,取出
take down 拿下
take place 发生
take the place of 代替
take it easy 别紧张
take away 拿走
take off 脱下,起飞,休假
day off / have off 休假
take photos 拍照
take some medicine 服药
turn on 开,旋开(电灯,收音机等)
turn off 关上(电灯,收音机等)
turn down (把音量)调低
turn up(把音量) 调高
turn in 交出,上交
turn…into… 变成
turn…over 把……翻过来
at once 立刻
at last 最后
at first 起先,首先
at the age of… 在……岁时
at the end of… 在……之末
by the end of… 到……底为止
at the beginning of… 在……之初
at night[em]e188[/em]on 在夜里/中午
in the day 在白天
in all 总共
in fact 事实上
in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁时
in a hurry 匆忙
in time 及时
in public 公众,公开地
in order to 为了……
in front of 在……前面
in the front of 在某物内的前面
in the end 最后,终于
in turn 依次
of course 当然
from now on 从现在起
from then on 从那时起
for example 例如
far away from 远离
a piece of 一张(一片,块)
a cup of 一茶怀
a glass of 一玻璃杯
a box of 一盒
a bottle of 一瓶
a set of 一套
a group of 一队,一组,一群
a kind of 一种
all kinds of 所有种类
a type of 一种类型的
a different type of 一种不同型号的
a great deal of 非常多,大量的(不可数名词)
a large (great) number of 非常多,大量的(可数名词)
a great many 大量,许多(可数名词)
all over the world/the country 全世界/全国
day after day 日复一日
day by day 一天天
up and down 上上下下
the day after tomorrow 后天
the day before yesterday 前天
langht at 嘲笑
be used to doing习惯于
used to 过去常常
use sth to do sth 用某物做某事
wake…up 唤醒
work out 算出
hurry up 赶快,快点
think about 考虑……
think of 想到
be anxious about 担忧
throw away 扔掉
hear of 听说
hear from 收到……来信
instead of 代替……
with one's help 在某人的帮助下,由于
with the help of … 在……的帮助下
to one's surprise 令某人吃惊的是
up and down 上上下下
just now/then 刚才/那时
late on 过后,后来
work / study hard 努力工作
come out 解出
wait for 等待
do morning exercises 做早操
do eye exercises 做眼保健操
get on/along (well) with 与……相处(融洽)



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